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Automatic orientation of apples prior to peeling and coring

Authors: Timbers, G.E. And W.S. Reid
Description: The apple processing industry has a point in common with most North American industry, which is the desire to automate their production lines either because of high labour cost or the shortage of seasonal labour. Each year in North America about 5 million cases of canned apples, as well as about 100 million pounds of frozen apples are processed (3,7). In many processing plants the greatest labour use is on the peeling, coring and trimming lines. Commonly apples are conveyed on a belt or in a flume to the peeling and coring equipment (Figure 1). The equipment operators pick up the apples, orient them and place them in the cups of the peeler. From the peeling and coring unit the fruit passes on to trimming, another manual operation for the removal of defects, and subsequently to slicing and other processing operations. The difficulty of automatically orienting the apples is the main obstacle to automation of the apple processing line.This paper will review some of the problems associated with the automation of apple orientation and some of the techniques which have been used in an effort to solve these problems. A prototype test unit developed for studying the feasibility of flotation orientation is also discussed.
Keywords: automatic orientation of apples prior to peeling and coring
Citation: Timbers, G.E. and W.S. Reid 1971. AUTOMATIC ORIENTATION OF APPLES PRIOR TO PEELING AND CORING. Canadian Agricultural Engineering 13(2):42-45.
Volume: 13
Issue: 2
Start page number: 42
End page number: 45
Date: 1971
Coverage: Canada
Located in: Volume 13 (1971)

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